Understanding the distribution of wood-inhabiting fungi in European beech reserves from species-specific habitat models

We assessed how environmental drivers in?uence the occurrences of wood-inhabiting macrofungi in European beech forests, using an extensive dataset of fruit body records collected in 53 reserves across twelve European countries. We found that the 105 species included in this study varied greatly in their responses to covariates related to resource quality, climate and forest connectivity, both in the strength and direction of the observed effects. Climate was the most important driver for some species, while others responded more to connectivity, or simply to the presence of high quality substrates within the reserves. Species occurrences varied also across geographical regions, especially between the UK and the rest of Europe. Our results show that wood-inhabiting fungi in European beech forests respond indi-vidualistically to habitat ?lters and differ in their biogeographical distribution patterns, and they thus provide a detailed perspective of how wood-inhabiting fungal communities are structured across Europe.