History of the Spotted Rail (Pardirallus maculatus) in Jamaica with first photographic documentation of breeding

The Spotted Rail (Pardirallus maculatus) was presumed extinct in Jamaica for most of the period between its discovery by W.T. March in 1863 and its rediscovery in 1977 in the Upper Morass of the Black River system, St. Elizabeth Parish. An individual salvaged in 1987 in Mandeville, Manchester Parish, is the sole modern specimen from Jamaica and the only recent record away from the Black River. Populations of unknown size occur in both the Upper (~1,760 ha) and Lower Morasses (~6,075 ha) of the Black River. Evidence of breeding was reported from the Upper Morass in 2012 and photographic documentation of juvenile rails was obtained in 2014. documentation of breeding